In Greek mythology, Persephone, also called Kore or Cora, is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest goddess Demeter, and is the queen of the underworld. Homer describes her as the formidable, venerable majestic princess of the underworld, who carries into effect the curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Persephone was married to Hades, the god-king of the underworld. The myth of her abduction represents her function as the personification of vegetation, which shoots forth in spring and withdraws into the earth after harvest; hence, she is also associated with spring as well as the fertility of vegetation, she was also fairly aged during this time, since it does not say she was just born, it takes place decades after her birth. Similar myths appear in the Orient, in the cults of male gods like Attis, Adonis and Osiris, and in Minoan Crete.
Persephone as a vegetation goddess and her mother Demeter were the central figures of the Eleusinian mysteries that predated the Olympian pantheon and promised the initiated a more enjoyable prospect after death. Persephone is further said to have become by Zeus the mother of Dionysus, Iacchus, or Zagreus, usually in orphic tradition. The origins of her cult are uncertain, but it was based on very old agrarian cults of agricultural communities.
Persephone was commonly worshipped along with Demeter and with the same mysteries. To her alone were dedicated the mysteries celebrated at Athens in the month of Anthesterion. In Classical Greek art, Persephone is invariably portrayed robed, often carrying a sheaf of grain. She may appear as a mystical divinity with a sceptre and a little box, but she was mostly represented in the act of being carried off by Hades.
Once the titans were destroyed, Mount Olympus was made and Zeus raped Demeter, and she later bore Persephone. Hades went to great lengths to be married to the goddess of spring, Persephone. He saw this beautiful woman and told his grandmother Gaia to show her a flower, the most beautiful flower, Persephone dazzled by the flower's beauty got too distracted, then Hades coming up from the Underworld in a beautiful, rich golden chariot and forced her into it by grabbing her arm and then getting her fully and heading back down to the underworld with him. Hecate, who lived in the underworld heard the poor goddesses' cry but could not know what had happened.
Demeter, devastated over her daughter's disappearance, went searching for her, out of nowhere, Hecate appeared and said she heard Persephone's cries but could not see what had happened. She then suggested going to Helios, the sun [[[Deities|god]]], who immediately spoke out that Hades kidnapped her. Hades was going to let Persephone go, but before she left the Underworld, he gave her a pomegranate to eat. Persephone, not knowing what the fruit of the Underworld does, ate it. Not knowing, it keeps you trapped in the Underworld for eternity. So Demeter knew a deal needed to be struck. She told Hades and begged him to let out her daughter. Hades refused, then Demeter requested that Persephone stay the first half of the year up with her mother and the other half, in the Underworld with Hades. Hades accepted the offer. After a while, Hades asked Zeus, for his hand in marriage to Persephone, who agreed without a thought.
- Solid lines denote parent-child blood relationships
- Dashed lines denote marriage relationships that result in offspring
- † denotes the deceased
- Zeus was married to his sister, Hera.
|A red/pink cell indicates a recurring or guest character.|
|A light blue cell indicates a special guest cast member.|
|Portrayer||Capacity and character per season|
|Rosario Dawson||Jillian Vicale|
|Percy Jackson & The Lightning Thief||Persephone|
|For the Love of Zeus||Persephone|
|Greek Mythology Appearances|
|"Disney's Hercules":||"Clash of the Titans (2010)":||"Wrath of the Titans":||"Once Upon a Time":||"Hercules 2014":||"Immortals":||"Myths":|
|"Rain of the Furies":||"Clash of the Titans (1981)":||"For the Love of Zeus":||"PJO & the Lightning Thief":||"PJO & the Sea of Monsters":||"Strange Case":||"More in Heaven and Hell":||"Alternate Realities":|
|Absent||Absent||Appears||Appears||Mentioned||Voice Only||Will Appear||TBA|